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The reason is that prior to Sierra, purchases (downloads) were tied to your AppleID, so they had to have been previously "purchased". Since Sierra, installers are no longer tied to your AppleID, so they aren't considered as purchased software any more.
This was actually a very useful change to me as an IT person. Because the OS and its updates are not tied to a specific AppleID, a user is able to install OS updates without logging in to the app store, which if memory serves was not the case a few years ago. This was a constant source of annoyance when managing a small workforce of Macs, whereas now I don't need to create a "dummy" AppleID for each user to enable OS updates if they aren't logged in themselves. ...
 


This was actually a very useful change to me as an IT person. Because the OS and its updates are not tied to a specific AppleID, a user is able to install OS updates without logging in to the app store, which if memory serves was not the case a few years ago. This was a constant source of annoyance when managing a small workforce of Macs, whereas now I don't need to create a "dummy" AppleID for each user to enable OS updates if they aren't logged in themselves. ...
macOS updates such as combo or security updates have never required an Apple ID/login to install from the Mac App Store application. macOS installers do require an Apple ID/login, as you have to "purchase" them in the first place (even though recent ones were free).

What has changed with Sierra and High Sierra (and going forward), as far as I am aware, is that once the installer is downloaded, the installer is no longer tied to an Apple ID - you can use it to install it on any Mac, and it doesn't have a record of the original "purchase".

Obviously, some of Apple's applications, e.g. Pages, Numbers, Keynote, also require an Apple ID/login to install or update them.

Previously (and I still do this anyway as it's good practice), whenever I consulted for a client, where possible, I got them to set up a single Apple ID for the company, linked to a company email address e.g. software@companyname.com. (This email account is also useful for other things, such as purchasing software licenses - it keeps everything in one place and is not tied to an individual, just in case they leave). I then use that Apple ID to download the macOS installer, which I then duly back up/archive. This one installer can then be used across the company for multiple Macs.

All other "purchases" of Apple software are done through individual accounts, as required, or we used the special Apple ID for Apple's Volume Purchase Program.
 


What has changed with Sierra and High Sierra (and going forward), as far as I am aware, is that once the installer is downloaded, the installer is no longer tied to an Apple ID - you can use it to install it on any Mac, and it doesn't have a record of the original "purchase".
I believe you can check for this by examining the installer contents and seeing if there is a "_MASReceipt" folder. My El Cap installer has one (with a "receipt" file inside), but the High Sierra installer does not.

Note, I have typically either deleted the folder or the receipt file before installing (these older OSes) without issue.
 



I highly recommend the following python script to download the most current versions of macOS:

https://github.com/munki/macadmin-scripts/blob/master/installinstallmacos.py

It will list and allow you to download all current macOS installers, including current Betas. Currently it is the only way I know of to download a full installer of the MacBook Pro 10.13.6 build.
Greetings Rob;

This might sound like it's coming from a troglodyte but can you give me the steps on running the file from your post.

I do have the latest version of XCode installed if that's of any use.

Thank you.
 



I did this:

Open Terminal

Type
sudo
and a space.

Drag and drop the .py file to complete the command and hit Return.
Gawd. I must be dense. I made a file that contained the data from Rob's link and ended it with the .py suffix. Then I opened the Terminal app, entered "sudo" and a space and dragged the file and then hit the Return key. It asked for my password for which I supplied and next it said "command not found".

I wonder what I'm doing wrong.

Mac Pro 5,1 running macOS 10.13.6

Thanks.
 


Greetings Rob;
This might sound like it's coming from a troglodyte but can you give me the steps on running the file from your post. I do have the latest version of XCode installed if that's of any use. Thank you.
No Xcode needed, just terminal commands.

Go to the following web page [in Safari]:

https://github.com/munki/macadmin-scripts/blob/master/installinstallmacos.py

Right-click the Raw button and select Download Linked File As.
The file will be downloaded to your Download folder as installinstallmacos.py

Open Terminal and issue the following commands:
Code:
cd ~/Downloads
chmod +x ./installinstallmacos.py
sudo ./installinstallmacos.py
Type your user password (assuming you are an administrator).

You will see a list of downloads like this:
Code:
#    ProductID    Version    Build  Title
1    091-53703    10.13.6  17G2112  macOS High Sierra
2    091-82771    10.13.5   17F66a  Install macOS High Sierra Beta
3    091-94326    10.13.6    17G65  macOS High Sierra
4    091-95251      10.14  18A336e  macOS Mojave Beta
Choose your download. (If you are downloading for the 2018 MacBook Pro, choose 1, otherwise choose 3 for High Sierra.)

Once the download is complete, go to the Finder and open your home folder. You should see a disk image for the installer. Open the disk image and then open the "Applications" folder. Inside is the full installer for the version of macOS you downloaded.

If you need to create a bootable USB flash drive:

Drag the installer from the Applications folder to your home folder.
Insert a USB flash drive and note the name of the USB flash drive.

Open Terminal and issue the following command:

sudo /Volumes/Install_macOS_10.13.6-17G2112/Applications/Install\ macOS\ High\ Sierra.app/Contents/Resources/createinstallmedia --volume /Volumes/name of flash drive

Follow the prompt to prepare the flash drive.
 


No Xcode needed, just terminal commands. ...
Most helpful instructions. Especially the "right-click the Raw button", since that's a hidden necessary step.

I suggest just one correction of a typo....

[Thanks. I've now fixed that filename. -Ric Ford]
 



I ran into an interesting High Sierra install/upgrade problem that I didn't find any (useful) solutions to on the Internet, and came up with an unexpected fix that I thought I'd share:

I was installing High Sierra on a Mid-2011 Mac Mini that was running macOS 10.12. I first installed macOS 10.13.2 (it's managed by an IT department, so that was the available installer), then ran the 10.13.6 update.

Except, after rebooting on the update, I ended up at a white screen with a cursor. All the standard fixes did not help: resetting PRAM, resetting the SMC, booting into safe mode, running a repair using Disk Utility in Recovery Mode. The cause may have been something to do with the management package (Jamf-based) that the department uses, but whatever the cause, I was stuck.

Finally I gave up and used Recovery Mode to just reinstall the OS entirely. Still got stuck at a white screen with a cursor after the reinstall.

In a last-ditch effort, I tried some key combinations to see if maybe I could get something to happen, when I realized that there were actually login text entry boxes on the screen, I just couldn't see them -- the cursor would change from an arrow to an I-beam where the login entry points were.

I typed in a login blind, and lo and behold, the computer proceeded to finish whatever the ten minutes worth of installation that happens after a reboot and log in (I'd noticed that I needed to log in to finish the 10.13.6 upgrade from 10.13.2 on several other computers). After that finished, everything was fine.

Lesson: If you install the 10.13.6 update and get stuck at a white screen, try to log in blind (hit enter, type your username, then tab, then type your password, then enter; or use the arrow keys if you have user icons). It may be that the login screen is actually there, you just can't see it.
 


No Xcode needed, just terminal commands...
I got this when I attempted it.
Making empty sparseimage...

installer: Error - ERROR_B14B14D9B7

Command '['/usr/sbin/installer', '-pkg', './content/downloads/28/06/091-53703/xmwnewxext02p8jj3jo2yhbyi175sg6bri/091-53703.English.dist', '-target', '/private/tmp/dmg.o0nSRU']' returned non-zero exit status 1

Product installation failed.
 


I typed in a login blind, and lo and behold, the computer proceeded to finish whatever the ten minutes worth of installation that happens after a reboot and log in (I'd noticed that I needed to log in to finish the 10.13.6 upgrade from 10.13.2 on several other computers). After that finished, everything was fine.

Lesson: If you install the 10.13.6 update and get stuck at a white screen, try to log in blind (hit enter, type your username, then tab, then type your password, then enter; or use the arrow keys if you have user icons). It may be that the login screen is actually there, you just can't see it.
This happened to me on my mid-2011 Mac Mini as well. It happened going from 10.13.5 to 10.13.6 in my case. It also sometimes still happens just when I reboot my Mac. It doesn’t happen every single time, just once in awhile. I’ve yet to notice any kind of pattern to when it does it. I haven’t done a deep dive in to the logs to see if anything stands out, but a quick skim over them didn’t show anything different than any of the other times that it boots up. It’s annoying, but I’ve just learned to live with it. That’s actually been a sad mantra of most computers I use these days.
 


If you install the 10.13.6 update and get stuck at a white screen, try to log in blind (hit enter, type your username, then tab, then type your password, then enter; or use the arrow keys if you have user icons). It may be that the login screen is actually there, you just can't see it.
Thanks for the reminder. Similar things (working system, but with an invisible UI) have happened in the past, and on a wide variety of OS's. This is always a good thing to try, since it sometimes works.
 


Re Rob Blount's excellent post detailing the use of the Python OS downloader:

I noticed that the only downloads offered are for High Sierra and the Mojave beta.
Using this downloader, is there a way to access older OS versions, as well?
 


I highly recommend the following Python script to download the most current versions of macOS:
https://github.com/munki/macadmin-scripts/blob/master/installinstallmacos.py
It will list and allow you to download all current macOS installers, including current Betas. Currently it is the only way I know of to download a full installer of the MacBook Pro 10.13.6 build.
This may be a stupid question, but what is the difference between a full installer and a Combo installer?
 


Ric Ford

MacInTouch
This may be a stupid question, but what is the difference between a full installer and a Combo installer?
The "Combo" package is an updater, not a package for installing macOS from scratch - any updater only modifies (updates) an already-existing Mac operating system that was previously installed on a bootable storage partition.
 


This may be a stupid question, but what is the difference between a full installer and a Combo installer?
The "Combo" package is an updater, not a package for installing macOS from scratch - any updater only modifies (updates) an already-existing Mac operating system that was previously installed on a bootable storage partition.
100% correct. But he may have been referring to the fact that sometimes the App Store provides a stub installer - which is very small and downloads additional components as a part of the installation process, compared with a "full" installer, where the entire OS is part of the installer package (and is much larger).

(I've seen people mistakenly call the full installer a "combo", referencing combo updaters.)
 


Re Rob Blount's excellent post detailing the use of the Python OS downloader:
I noticed that the only downloads offered are for High Sierra and the Mojave beta.
Using this downloader, is there a way to access older OS versions, as well?
I have never seen anything earlier than High Sierra listed, so I would say no. I am actually surprised that you can get the current beta's through this script.
 


I got this when I attempted it:
Making empty sparseimage...
installer: Error - ERROR_B14B14D9B7
Command '['/usr/sbin/installer', '-pkg', './content/downloads/28/06/091-53703/xmwnewxext02p8jj3jo2yhbyi175sg6bri/091-53703.English.dist', '-target', '/private/tmp/dmg.o0nSRU']' returned non-zero exit status 1
Product installation failed.
I have seen this when my download fails. I would just try running it again.
 


This happened to me on my mid-2011 Mac Mini as well. It happened going from 10.13.5 to 10.13.6 in my case.
Interesting; it sounds like this particular bug (or this incarnation of a relatively common one) is specific to that model of Mini; I've upgraded 15 or 20 Macs spread across 12 models ranging from current iMacs to a couple of 2009 iMacs and this is the only one that gave me any trouble.

I have noticed that the 10.13.6 update requires (usually at least?) the user to log in after part of the install and a reboot (where this problem cropped up), and then it proceeds with another chunk of installation. I don't specifically remember ever seeing this happen in the past, so I was a bit surprised by it.

I rebooted a couple times to make sure things were working and didn't get a white screen, but it sounds like that may randomly crop up again in the future.
 


Has anyone else noticed "delayed" (for lack of a better term) iOS app updates under iOS 11? Just today, I noticed that my iPhone offered an update for WhatsApp. Then I noticed the date listed as "6d ago", with the date also given (depending on which view I'm looking at) as July 23.

It was not listed last night or at any time in the last 6 days. This never happened to me under iOS 10. And in fact, app updates seem a lot less frequent since I upgraded; they often come in batches. I don't think I have seen a "same-day" update since the upgrade. To use a less extreme example:

I will check all throughout the day and there's nothing. Then, the next day, there's suddenly an app that came out "yesterday." And I'm usually up past midnight.

Is Apple that badly strained, or have they changed the way their update infrastructure functions? I have always been vigilant about app updates, but it seems like I am never truly up to date anymore.

It almost feels like Apple is lying when they say no updates are available. Given that this has been happening with regularity for me, I now assume that's the case.
 


The “blind login” post reminded me of the bad old days when my Mac would sometimes go into monitor energy-saver mode and never come back. The computer itself was running (white light on! I miss the light on the new laptop). Rebooting normally (via keyboard — press Power, wait, then hit return key) worked when nothing else would.

As a quick aside, since replacing my 2011 Mac Pro video card with a Metal-friendly one, waking up from sleep takes three times as long... (sigh)

The white screen thing seems to be more widespread than it should be... like the overlapping dialogue boxes I often get when I do updates because I have some software that conflicts with the system updates (LittleSnitch, BlockBlock, DefaultFolder, something like that, I can’t recall which, who can keep track of all this?). You’d think Apple would do something about it sooner or later, but I'm sure they're too busy blaming developers and users.

The lighter side is I am being forced to use Windows 10 now, and while I'd be tempted to jump ship to Windows 7, there’s no way I’m going to willingly use 10.
 


I originally had the update problem that my MacBook Pro wouldn’t shut down properly and showed a cursor with a black screen until I pressed the power button for 3 or more seconds.

I called Apple Support twice, and the last person suggested that I format the SSD and download High Sierra again.

I noticed through all of this that if I shut down from Safe Boot that it would shut down properly. No warning that says “You shut down your computer because of a problem.”
So it seems I have a problem with an extension.

I scheduled a repair for the middle of next month. Meanwhile, I will be backing up the SSD.
 


I've seen this symptom relatively regularly when migrating apps from one Mac to another using Migration Assistant, including most recently going from a 2014 i7 MacBook Pro to a 2018 i9 model. It is not restricted to 1st-party apps; this time around I had to reinstall four 3rd-party apps and no 1st-party ones (that I've noticed, anyway), but in the past I've seen varying mixes.

I have no idea what causes this--a DRM issue of some kind, bug in Migration Assistant, or something else--but in any case it's fairly painless to deal with, unless you have no internet service, since redownloading apps only takes a couple of clicks. Compared to the pain of reinstalling, say, any Adobe product when moving to a new computer (those break more often than not in my experience, probably due to Adobe's DRM), it's a minor inconvenience.
I'm not sure if it's the same issue, but I got similar error messages for many of my first- and third-party apps after upgrading from macOS 10.13.5 to 10.13.6. Following a suggestion I found somewhere, I deleted all the items in /var/folders except for zz (apparently they are caches of some kind, though I don't know exactly what they are), rebooted, and all was fine.
 




Has anyone else noticed "delayed" (for lack of a better term) iOS app updates under iOS 11?
As a follow-up to my own post referenced above, I just wanted to share that I have discovered, quite by accident, that the common "pull down to refresh" technique works with the iOS 11 App Store. I did it once by accident, and suddenly I had 5 updates to install.

I still maintain that I shouldn't have to do this sort of thing, but it's nice to know I can. If you're curious to know if there are new updates out there, this just might help.
 


You may want to read an answer I wrote about /var/folders on Stack Exchange.
In addition to attempting to answer the question, I described my observations and my understanding of the content of these folders.
If you're OK with the terminal,

echo $TMPDIR

will show you the folder that the system is currently using for its cache. It'll be in /var/folders/ somewhere.
 



Venture Beat said:
Apple reportedly asked devs to adopt subscriptions and hike app prices
Apple invited a group of app developers to a secret April 2017 meeting in New York’s Tribeca district, asking them to move from selling apps at low prices to renting app access through subscriptions, Business Insider reports. This change is intended to keep users paying for apps “on a regular basis, putting money into developer coffers on a regular schedule,” the report claims.
... While some development dollars might go toward adding features, others certainly go into tweaking apps to meet frequent Apple OS, API, and device changes.
 


Seeing another App Store update oddity. Just noticed a new most "recent" Update to Numbers is release date March 27, 2018. Um, I Installed Numbers update version 5.0 (5576) on April 27. With no link to further info it's impossible to tell if the current "latest" has a slightly different versioning, unless I proceed with the "latest" update. ;(
I guess that explains the "update" that I got today - clicked on it, apparently installed, but it was not in the App Store window. The kiddies are getting careless.
 


I guess that explains the "update" that I got today - clicked on it, apparently installed, but it was not in the App Store window. The kiddies are getting careless.
The current version of Numbers seems to be 5.1 with a created date of June 4, 2018.
 


I am not subscribed to Business Insider so I could not read the full article, anyone know about this? Not good!
Business Insider said:
How an invite-only meeting at Apple's luxury loft in New York set the stage for one of the biggest subscription businesses in the world
  • Apple's App Store may be the world's largest software distribution platform.
  • But there are concerns that the competitiveness of the marketplace may make it difficult to maintain high-quality utility apps.
  • Apple is strongly encouraging developers to transition to a subscription, software-as-a-service model, and held an invitation-only meeting in the spring of 2017 to convince developers to lean in to the new business model.
[I had no trouble reading the article in Firefox, but I couldn't print it to a PDF. -Ric Ford]
 


I am not subscribed to Business Insider so I could not read the full article, anyone know about this? Not good!
[I had no trouble reading the article in Firefox, but I couldn't print it to a PDF. -Ric Ford]
I was able to copy the article and paste it into a blank Microsoft Word document. Just have to clean up the formatting. Later, when I have the time, I'll convert it to a PDF file.

Yes, had to use Firefox to read the article. Hope this helps.
 


I am not subscribed to Business Insider so I could not read the full article, anyone know about this?
The paywall (and ad-blocker-detector) is JavaScript based. If you run NoScript (or its equivalent if you're not running Firefox) to block the scripts, the article appears just fine. With scripts completely blocked, you see the text, but none of the article's inline images. If you move businessinsider.com (but none of the other domains represented on the page) to the "trusted" category (allowing its scripts to run), then the images will appear without triggering the paywall.

Regarding printing, when I try it, I see one page of content, two pages of (mostly empty) headings and nothing else. This seems to be a common thing on a lot of web sites these days and I don't know why.

If you put your browser in "reader" mode, the result is printable. At least it is on Firefox. So that might be a good option if you want to archive a copy.
 


Ric Ford

MacInTouch
More fun with Apple's walled gardens:
The Verge said:
Japan regulator reportedly looking into whether Apple secretly crushed an App Store competitor

Japan’s Fair Trade Commission is looking into whether Apple improperly pressured Yahoo Japan to shut down a game streaming platform that competed with the iOS App Store, according to Nikkei. Yahoo Japan’s Game Plus service allowed people to stream full games made for other platforms and to play HTML5 games on mobile phones, which would have allowed iPhone owners to get games without going through the App Store.

Nikkei reports that Yahoo Japan slashed the program’s budget last fall, just months after it launched, and told partners that it was due to pressure from Apple. It’s said to have begun filing complaints with Japan’s FTC around the same time.
 


Yeah:
Business Insider said:
How an invite-only meeting at Apple's luxury loft in New York set the stage for one of the biggest subscription businesses in the world
... Instead of users paying for apps once, they'd pay on a regular basis, putting money into developer coffers on a regular schedule. Apple would still get a 30% cut of the subscription's cost, but if a customer continued to subscribe after a year, Apple's cut would go down to 15%.
This has to suck for small developers. Apple gets 30% if you don't create a subscription model!

I read more. I don't like this direction Apple is going (and nothing you can do about it). I love a particular app. I bought it three years ago. A year ago it went subscription. (So far, I'm grandfathered in, but that can change with next iOS upgrade). Hmmmm, Apple is in on this.

It should not be called the "App Store." It is more correctly, the Lease-Rent App Store (you don't ever own it and pay monthly/annually to use) because you buy goods in a store. :P
 


This has to suck for small developers. Apple gets 30% if you don't create a subscription model!
lt sucks worse for small consumers. A program I rely upon being time-bombed?!

I'm old enough to remember the Great Recession. There were some tough times when I couldn't have afforded to pay the subscription fee.
 


Ric Ford

MacInTouch
lt sucks worse for small consumers. A program I rely upon being time-bombed?!
A family member has an iPad 2. She was trying to use Apple Maps, and it was problematic, so I went to get Google Maps. Ooops. Google Maps requires a version of iOS that doesn't run on that iPad. So... another kind of "time bomb", I guess.
 


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