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macOS 10.15 Catalina

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Long term, there may not be a 'first tier' shell in that /usr/local/bin/ location. The system-"approved" shells are in /etc/shells
The /etc/shells file is not just documentation. It is used by various commands (e.g. chsh and probably its GUI equivalents) to decide if the shell you're trying to configure should be allowed or not.

Any time you install a new shell (on any UNIX-like system), you need to add it to /etc/shells. If you don't, then you probably won't be able to configure any accounts to actually use that shell without a lot of otherwise unnecessary hacking.
 


The /etc/shells file is not just documentation. It is used by various commands (e.g. chsh and probably its GUI equivalents) to decide if the shell you're trying to configure should be allowed or not. Any time you install a new shell (on any UNIX-like system), you need to add it to /etc/shells. If you don't, then you probably won't be able to configure any accounts to actually use that shell without a lot of otherwise unnecessary hacking.
Mmmm... Thanks, I think.
 


Ric Ford

MacInTouch
More accomodations for Catalina in the latest update to Carbon Copy Cloner:
Bombich Software said:
Carbon Copy Cloner 5.1.13
October 17, 2019
  • ...
  • CCC detects a couple more error conditions that are commonly encountered during APFS conversion on macOS Catalina and either works around them to make the conversion succeed or presents them with more accurate advice.
 



I have two iMacs, both late 2013. They are connected by Thunderbolt 2. Under Mojave, file sharing was set up and worked well. Calling them #1 and #2, when #1 first opened Documents on #2, after a few seconds the list of files would appear in that window and I could transfer files back and forth. The same happens when #2 opens #1 Documents.

I upgraded #1 and #2 to Catalina. Now, when #1 opens Documents on #2, the window appears but remains blank, even after many minutes. The same happens when #2 opens #1’s Documents.

Sharing in System Preferences of both #1 and #2 appears unchanged.

Any ideas on how to correct this problem?

Bob
 




[FYI:]
Kirk McElhearn said:
Bug or Feature? Screen Time on macOS Catalina Isn’t Reporting Actual App Usage
Screen Time is a feature that Apple added to iOS 12, which allows you to keep track of how much time you spend on each app you use, how many times you wake up your iOS device, and how many notifications you receive. This data can help you cut down on your device usage, and you can use Screen Time to set limits for your kids. Screen Time was also added to macOS Catalina, with the same features. However, it doesn’t seem to work correctly.
 


As reported by MacWorld, [a 16" MacBook Pro] is really there:

/Volumes/myCat/System/Library/Templates/Data/System/Library/CoreServices/CoreTypes.bundle/Contents/Library/MacHardwareTypes-2019f.bundle/Contents/Resources/com.apple.macbookpro-16-space-gray.icns​
 


/System/Library/Templates/Data/System/Library/CoreServices/CoreTypes.bundle/Contents/Library/MacHardwareTypes-2019f.bundle/Contents/Resources/com.apple.macbookpro-16-space-gray.icns
Interesting. My /System/Library/Templates/Data/System/Library/CoreServices/CoreTypes.bundle/Contents/Library/ has no "MacHardwareTypes-2019f.bundle," though it does have a MachineTypes.bundle.

Did you by any chance have one of the betas installed before you installed the shipping version of 10.15?
 



Yes, it's in public beta 2 of Catalina 15.1. Sorry for the terseness of my post.
Thanks. Apple was rumored in the past to drop "Easter eggs" that were more like poisoned apples (no joke intended) into NDA-covered releases in order to find out who the leakers were. I don't recall any instances in the Tim Cook era, though.
 


Thanks. Apple was rumored in the past to drop "Easter eggs" that were more like poisoned apples (no joke intended) into NDA-covered releases in order to find out who the leakers were. I don't recall any instances in the Tim Cook era, though.
Just confirming what MacWorld reported. My conscience is clear... ;-)
 


Ric Ford

MacInTouch
Here's a note about Catalina compatibility forwarded to me via email:
MakeMusic Inc. said:
We wanted to share the latest news regarding Finale v25 and macOS 10.15 Catalina.

Finale v25.5 is not compatible with macOS 10.15 Catalina and will not be updated to support Catalina. It is our recommendation that users of Finale v25.5 not upgrade to macOS Catalina.

Reminder: Finale v25.5 users still qualify for technical assistance from our Support team on compatible operating systems — macOS 10.10 through 10.14 — but we cannot provide support for this version on Catalina or future Apple operating systems.

© MAKEMUSIC, INC.
7007 Winchester Circle, Suite 140 // Boulder, CO 80301
 


Did you by any chance have one of the betas installed before you installed the shipping version of 10.15?
Yes, it's in public beta 2 of Catalina 15.1. Sorry for the terseness of my post.
I was on the public beta of macOS 10.15 then installed the wide release and am now on the latest public beta of 10.15.1. I do have the MacBook Pro 16" images in that folder—two in fact: space gray and silver.
 


Ric Ford

MacInTouch
Catalina bug warning:
Dr. Marcel Bresink said:
NFS Manager: Known Issues
... we strongly advise against the use of Catalina if your network setup relies on NFS automounting: Apple's implementation of the Unix “autofs” automounter is not working as expected in current versions of Catalina and can additionally cause the operating system to crash.

Workaround: NFS Manager will automatic guide you to possible workarounds when you attempt to use automounter features. There is no known workaround for crashes of macOS 10.15 at this time.

You should contact Apple to let them know how you depend on reliable behavior of macOS in professional Unix networks.
#applequality #nfs #networking #bugs
 


Here's a note about Catalina compatibility forwarded to me via email:
Here's a link that's tracking music software and Catalina:
NYC Music Services said:
Music notation software and macOS Catalina
In Catalina, iTunes is gone and split into three apps: Music, Podcasts, and TV. A new feature called Sidecar allows you to use your iPad as a secondary display for your Mac, à la Duet.

Most significantly on the technical side, though, is the fact that Catalina is the first macOS to drop support for 32-bit applications. It’s 64-bit or bust from now on. So if you’re still managing to run Sibelius 6 or Finale 2014.5 or earlier, take special note of this and don’t upgrade to Catalina.

On this blog we’ll focus on Catalina’s compatibility with desktop music notation software: Sibelius, Finale, Dorico, MuseScore, and Notion.
Sibelius, not yet, but appear to be committed.

So far, it looks like Finale is the only one jumping ship.
 





For what it's worth, I read this only as "Finale v25 won't work". It appears to claim that a Catalina-compatible version of Finale v26 is in the works and will be out in November.
I missed v26 completely. Need to read slower; the web is bad for my ADD... ;-}
 


I missed v26 completely. Need to read slower; the web is bad for my ADD... ;-}
In the same vein of needing to read slower, I looked closer at Go64 and noticed that my Notion notation software just had one 32-bit file in its package, "legacyconvert." I reinstalled it, and much to my relief, it seems to work fine in Catalina.
 




I've been unable to download 4K movies from Apple to my Mac Mini since updating to Catalina with the breakup of macOS iTunes into Music and TV. Worked through it this past weekend with these conclusions:

It's important to keep in mind my setup: 2018 Mac Mini with 1TB SSD, Core i7 and 32 GB of RAM. Monitor is a Dell U2718Q connected to the Mini through a Razer Core X with Sapphire Radeon RX Vega 64 (Thunderbolt 3 to Core X; DisplayPort for Core X to Dell). I can display 4K graphics.

TV app will not download 4K movies to this setup (either to the original 'Movies' folder under my user account or to a Samsung T5 pointed to by TV > Preferences > Files). It will stream them. Per suggestions, the T5 is formatted APFS encrypted. Moved my library to the T5 after experiencing the same issue on a Toshiba portable spinner (HFS+). I can download 1080p versions to the Mini if I uncheck 'Download Multichannel Audio' and 'Download HDR when available' in TV > Preferences > Playback.

It will download them to my iPad Pro; but there is no way to move them to the Mini for backup.

To download 4K, it seems you need an iOS device or a Catalina (possibly Mojave) Mac that can 'display' them as shipped (internal SSD/built-in display). Obviously, internal SSDs and iPads/iPhones aren't going to hold much more than a few travel days worth of video without sacrificing all available storage. (My movie/music libraries currently top out at a bit over 1 TB, 95% going to movies downloaded at 1080p.)

It seems Apple is saying you can download a handful of purchased videos for offline viewing but trust us to keep the rest of them safe in the cloud. Need more space? $$! ... Or how to turn your purchases into (space) rentals.

Forbes opinion:

I also did a bit of searching for 4K download sites. There don't seem to be any that don't tie you into hardware or software. Looks like Amazon/Apple/Google/Microsoft/Sony learned their lesson with respect to music downloads.
 


KJM

It appears to claim that a Catalina-compatible version of Finale v26 is in the works and will be out in November.
Finale 26 had been released about a year ago. I am not quite sure it is fully compatible with Catalina, but at least it is 64-bit and runs.
 


TV app will not download 4K movies to this setup
Way back, I bought the "giant!" 40GB Apple TV 1, my reason being the concept of having content ready to play without the, then, notably slower and glitchy DSL.

Later, I read that Apple caused movies it had sold not to play by pulling DRM, apparently when Apple's license from studios expired. While none of the content I had purchased was killed, I stopped paying to buy movies. Why fill storage with movies that may not work when you want to play them?

Here's a humorous treatment of the issue:
TechDirt said:
You Don't Own What You've Bought: Apple Disappears Purchased Movies
  • Me: Hey Apple, three movies I bought disappeared from my iTunes library.
  • Apple: Oh yes, those are not available anymore. Thank you for buying them. Here are two movie rentals on us!
 


Ric Ford

MacInTouch
More Catalina fun...
The Document Foundation said:
LibreOffice and macOS Catalina
Apple has released macOS 10.15 Catalina on October 7, 2019. Mac apps, installer packages and kernel extensions that are signed with a Developer ID must be notarized by Apple to run on macOS Catalina. Although we have duly followed the instructions, when users launch LibreOffice 6.3.x – which has been notarized by Apple – the system shows the following scary message: LibreOffice.app cannot be opened because the developer cannot be verified, and provides only two options: Move to Bin (delete) and Cancel (revert the operation, i.e. do not run LibreOffice). Of course, this represents a problem for all Mac users who rely on LibreOffice for their office documents after they have upgraded to macOS Catalina.

To solve the issue and bypass the block, the user has to right-click with the mouse (or press Control on the keyboard while clicking with the mouse) on the LibreOffice icon and select Open. The system will show a less scary message: macOS cannot verify the developer of LibreOffice.app. Are you sure you want to open it?, and will eventually provide the Open option to launch LibreOffice.

There is also another solution, which does not bypass Gatekeeper forcing macOS Catalina to open LibreOffice as the solution just described (which is perfectly safe, in any case).
 


I'm hearing grumbling on a listserve by nontechnical authors who have spent hours on the phone with Apple support trying to get their files back and their machines functioning after installing Catalina. I had posted a warning about the perils of installing Catalina, but Apple has been pushing upgrades hard. I don't know how widespread these problems are, but they seem to hit some people hard.
 


Ric Ford

MacInTouch
I'm hearing grumbling on a listserve by nontechnical authors who have spent hours on the phone with Apple support trying to get their files back and their machines functioning after installing Catalina. I had posted a warning about the perils of installing Catalina, but Apple has been pushing upgrades hard. I don't know how widespread these problems are, but they seem to hit some people hard.
That's awfully vague. Could you get a few more specifics (e.g. apps, symptoms, etc.)?
 


Ric Ford

MacInTouch
More from Howard Oakley:
Eclectic Light Co. said:
Relocated Items in Catalina
When you upgrade to Catalina, one of its more curious habits is leaving a folder in /Users/Shared, with an alias to it on your Desktop, named Relocated Items. This is normally put in place to welcome you when you first log into your newly upgraded system.

According to Apple, when you upgrade “all your files and data are carefully reviewed to ensure they’re valid and authorised, undamaged, and in the correct locations.” This Relocated Items folder is supposed to contain those which “couldn’t be moved to their new locations” on the System and Data volumes, and with them is a PDF document explaining what to do about them.

If you’re really lucky, the same can happen again, during a Catalina update, or when upgrading from a Catalina beta version. If there’s already a Relocated Items folder in the /Users/Shared folder, then you’ll be pleased to know that the existing folder will be renamed Previously Relocated Items, and the newly relocated items placed in a new folder named Relocated Items.

Why are there Relocated Items? ...
 


That's awfully vague. Could you get a few more specifics (e.g. apps, symptoms, etc.)?
One spent three days of back-and-forth with Apple to find his documents. The other had problems with 32-bit applications, and from what she said, I think she clicked on the wrong thing and wound up "upgraded." I asked both for more details, but I'm not sure they understand what happened. Will let you know what I find.
 


Ric Ford

MacInTouch
Here's some perspective from a macOS and iOS developer on Apple's "Catalyst" technology....
James Thomson said:
Catalytic Converter

Catalyst is in some ways a miraculous technology – just click a check box and instantly have a working Mac version of your app....


... The OS releases don’t seem to have gone very smoothly in general, from my outside perspective.

Documentation for Catalyst has been almost non-existent too, which has made things a lot harder than they should be.

From the business side, there is also no way for somebody to get the Catalyst version of the app for free when they buy the iOS version. And no great way to share in-app purchases either if you have a free app. That generally means that somebody will have to pay a second time to get a copy. There is definitely an argument that building a Catalyst version is actual work, work that should be paid for, but I can equally see the side of consumers that have been told it’s just a simple check box. Apple said a shared store will come in two years, but that’s still a way off.

I am hopeful that this is just a 1.0 (if you count the Mojave apps as a public beta), and things will continue to improve. It’s a great foundation, but there’s still a way to go before I could use it for PCalc. The real question is, what will be the state of Catalyst vs the state of Swift UI in future years? If one gains significant traction with developers, will Apple stop investing resources in the other? Time will tell.
 



Does anyone know how to kill the nagger for updating to Catalina? I have a lot of money invested in 32-bit software, much of which is unlikely to be updated, and I have no intention of using Catalina. I also have been progressively more and more disappointed with the direction the macOS has been moving in. This Mac user since 1985 is seriously considering going to Linux or even a PC (shudder).
 


Ric Ford

MacInTouch
Does anyone know how to kill the nagger for updating to Catalina? I have a lot of money invested in 32-bit software, much of which is unlikely to be updated, and I have no intention of using Catalina. I also have been progressively more and more disappointed with the direction the macOS has been moving in. This Mac user since 1985 is seriously considering going to Linux or even a PC (shudder).
You might want to read these and related notes:
 


Just tried to run macOS Catalina Patcher 1.2.0 to download a fresh copy of the latest macOS Catalina. Unfortunately, the file it downloads for me is Install macOS Catalina Beta (15.0.15). This may be the newest file, but I remember previous versions of the software downloading only the latest official release of macOS. Is anyone else seeing this? I do not see a preference to change, nor do I see a way on dosdude1's web site to contact him to ask.
 


I've read through/searched the entire Catlina thread here and haven't found anyone mention issues with search in Apple Mail.
I've updated a test system to Catalina and, regardless of what I search for, the results number is always the total number of messages in the inbox at the moment and I never see just those that messages that I should see.
I've done the following:
  • Quit Mail, removed the Envelope Index files, restarted Mail and watched it "Import" the entire message store.
  • Turned Spotlight off, restarted, turned Spotlight back on: sudo mdutil -i off -E /; sudo mdutil -s /; sudo mdutil -i on /; sudo mdutil -s /
  • Disabled Spotlight indexing via System Preferences: drag Macintosh HD to Privacy tab, restart, removed Macintosh HD from Privacy tab.
  • Removed mail account from Internet Accounts, restarted, re-created account in Internet Accounts
Posts in various Apple Discussions show this working for some people (most?), but my message count via IMAP is ~120k and I haven't had any success with the steps outlined above.
Howard Oakley on eclecticlight.co mentions the possibility of a Quarantine flag being set on the files/folders of sandboxed apps (which Mail should be), so I tried removing said flag, to no avail.
Is anyone else having this issue and what have you done to resolve (or not)?
I experienced this issue yesterday (may have been the first time I've searched for a message since upgrading to Catalina. I found this solution elsewhere that worked for me: 1) Quit Mail; 2) Shift-Launch Mail and Quit; 3) Repeat 2; 4) Reboot; 5) Launch Mail normally, and Search function was restored.
 


Just tried to run macOS Catalina Patcher 1.2.0 to download a fresh copy of the latest macOS Catalina. Unfortunately, the file it downloads for me is Install macOS Catalina Beta (15.0.15). This may be the newest file, but I remember previous versions of the software downloading only the latest official release of macOS. Is anyone else seeing this? I do not see a preference to change, nor do I see a way on dosdude1's web site to contact him to ask.
You may want to try unenrolling your Mac from the beta program or otherwise make it forget about betas...
Apple said:
Unenroll Your Devices to Stop Receiving Public Betas
When your device is enrolled in the Apple Beta Software Program, you will automatically receive new versions of the public beta. At any time, you may unenroll your device so that it no longer receives these updates.
 


More iTunes/Music annoyances: I cannot name a new smart playlist or change the clever name Apple has decided to bestow on it. Seems to be based on the selection criteria as parsed by Apple's (almost intelligent) AI (absolute ignorance). Existing smart playlists appear to continue to function. Play counts/dates are updated. Changes applied.

No cloud music here at all; it's all on my Mac and, by extension, my iDevices. No subscription to Apple Music. Or Match. If that matters.

So I'm wondering if this is just me? And, thank god this isn't a production machine. And this isn't production software.
 


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