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macOS 10.15 Catalina

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Long term, there may not be a 'first tier' shell in that /usr/local/bin/ location. The system-"approved" shells are in /etc/shells
The /etc/shells file is not just documentation. It is used by various commands (e.g. chsh and probably its GUI equivalents) to decide if the shell you're trying to configure should be allowed or not.

Any time you install a new shell (on any UNIX-like system), you need to add it to /etc/shells. If you don't, then you probably won't be able to configure any accounts to actually use that shell without a lot of otherwise unnecessary hacking.
 


The /etc/shells file is not just documentation. It is used by various commands (e.g. chsh and probably its GUI equivalents) to decide if the shell you're trying to configure should be allowed or not. Any time you install a new shell (on any UNIX-like system), you need to add it to /etc/shells. If you don't, then you probably won't be able to configure any accounts to actually use that shell without a lot of otherwise unnecessary hacking.
Mmmm... Thanks, I think.
 


Ric Ford

MacInTouch
More accomodations for Catalina in the latest update to Carbon Copy Cloner:
Bombich Software said:
Carbon Copy Cloner 5.1.13
October 17, 2019
  • ...
  • CCC detects a couple more error conditions that are commonly encountered during APFS conversion on macOS Catalina and either works around them to make the conversion succeed or presents them with more accurate advice.
 



I have two iMacs, both late 2013. They are connected by Thunderbolt 2. Under Mojave, file sharing was set up and worked well. Calling them #1 and #2, when #1 first opened Documents on #2, after a few seconds the list of files would appear in that window and I could transfer files back and forth. The same happens when #2 opens #1 Documents.

I upgraded #1 and #2 to Catalina. Now, when #1 opens Documents on #2, the window appears but remains blank, even after many minutes. The same happens when #2 opens #1’s Documents.

Sharing in System Preferences of both #1 and #2 appears unchanged.

Any ideas on how to correct this problem?

Bob
 




[FYI:]
Kirk McElhearn said:
Bug or Feature? Screen Time on macOS Catalina Isn’t Reporting Actual App Usage
Screen Time is a feature that Apple added to iOS 12, which allows you to keep track of how much time you spend on each app you use, how many times you wake up your iOS device, and how many notifications you receive. This data can help you cut down on your device usage, and you can use Screen Time to set limits for your kids. Screen Time was also added to macOS Catalina, with the same features. However, it doesn’t seem to work correctly.
 


As reported by MacWorld, [a 16" MacBook Pro] is really there:

/Volumes/myCat/System/Library/Templates/Data/System/Library/CoreServices/CoreTypes.bundle/Contents/Library/MacHardwareTypes-2019f.bundle/Contents/Resources/com.apple.macbookpro-16-space-gray.icns​
 


/System/Library/Templates/Data/System/Library/CoreServices/CoreTypes.bundle/Contents/Library/MacHardwareTypes-2019f.bundle/Contents/Resources/com.apple.macbookpro-16-space-gray.icns
Interesting. My /System/Library/Templates/Data/System/Library/CoreServices/CoreTypes.bundle/Contents/Library/ has no "MacHardwareTypes-2019f.bundle," though it does have a MachineTypes.bundle.

Did you by any chance have one of the betas installed before you installed the shipping version of 10.15?
 



Yes, it's in public beta 2 of Catalina 15.1. Sorry for the terseness of my post.
Thanks. Apple was rumored in the past to drop "Easter eggs" that were more like poisoned apples (no joke intended) into NDA-covered releases in order to find out who the leakers were. I don't recall any instances in the Tim Cook era, though.
 


Thanks. Apple was rumored in the past to drop "Easter eggs" that were more like poisoned apples (no joke intended) into NDA-covered releases in order to find out who the leakers were. I don't recall any instances in the Tim Cook era, though.
Just confirming what MacWorld reported. My conscience is clear... ;-)
 


Ric Ford

MacInTouch
Here's a note about Catalina compatibility forwarded to me via email:
MakeMusic Inc. said:
We wanted to share the latest news regarding Finale v25 and macOS 10.15 Catalina.

Finale v25.5 is not compatible with macOS 10.15 Catalina and will not be updated to support Catalina. It is our recommendation that users of Finale v25.5 not upgrade to macOS Catalina.

Reminder: Finale v25.5 users still qualify for technical assistance from our Support team on compatible operating systems — macOS 10.10 through 10.14 — but we cannot provide support for this version on Catalina or future Apple operating systems.

© MAKEMUSIC, INC.
7007 Winchester Circle, Suite 140 // Boulder, CO 80301
 


Did you by any chance have one of the betas installed before you installed the shipping version of 10.15?
Yes, it's in public beta 2 of Catalina 15.1. Sorry for the terseness of my post.
I was on the public beta of macOS 10.15 then installed the wide release and am now on the latest public beta of 10.15.1. I do have the MacBook Pro 16" images in that folder—two in fact: space gray and silver.
 


Ric Ford

MacInTouch
Catalina bug warning:
Dr. Marcel Bresink said:
NFS Manager: Known Issues
... we strongly advise against the use of Catalina if your network setup relies on NFS automounting: Apple's implementation of the Unix “autofs” automounter is not working as expected in current versions of Catalina and can additionally cause the operating system to crash.

Workaround: NFS Manager will automatic guide you to possible workarounds when you attempt to use automounter features. There is no known workaround for crashes of macOS 10.15 at this time.

You should contact Apple to let them know how you depend on reliable behavior of macOS in professional Unix networks.
#applequality #nfs #networking #bugs
 


Here's a note about Catalina compatibility forwarded to me via email:
Here's a link that's tracking music software and Catalina:
NYC Music Services said:
Music notation software and macOS Catalina
In Catalina, iTunes is gone and split into three apps: Music, Podcasts, and TV. A new feature called Sidecar allows you to use your iPad as a secondary display for your Mac, à la Duet.

Most significantly on the technical side, though, is the fact that Catalina is the first macOS to drop support for 32-bit applications. It’s 64-bit or bust from now on. So if you’re still managing to run Sibelius 6 or Finale 2014.5 or earlier, take special note of this and don’t upgrade to Catalina.

On this blog we’ll focus on Catalina’s compatibility with desktop music notation software: Sibelius, Finale, Dorico, MuseScore, and Notion.
Sibelius, not yet, but appear to be committed.

So far, it looks like Finale is the only one jumping ship.
 





For what it's worth, I read this only as "Finale v25 won't work". It appears to claim that a Catalina-compatible version of Finale v26 is in the works and will be out in November.
I missed v26 completely. Need to read slower; the web is bad for my ADD... ;-}
 


I missed v26 completely. Need to read slower; the web is bad for my ADD... ;-}
In the same vein of needing to read slower, I looked closer at Go64 and noticed that my Notion notation software just had one 32-bit file in its package, "legacyconvert." I reinstalled it, and much to my relief, it seems to work fine in Catalina.
 




I've been unable to download 4K movies from Apple to my Mac Mini since updating to Catalina with the breakup of macOS iTunes into Music and TV. Worked through it this past weekend with these conclusions:

It's important to keep in mind my setup: 2018 Mac Mini with 1TB SSD, Core i7 and 32 GB of RAM. Monitor is a Dell U2718Q connected to the Mini through a Razer Core X with Sapphire Radeon RX Vega 64 (Thunderbolt 3 to Core X; DisplayPort for Core X to Dell). I can display 4K graphics.

TV app will not download 4K movies to this setup (either to the original 'Movies' folder under my user account or to a Samsung T5 pointed to by TV > Preferences > Files). It will stream them. Per suggestions, the T5 is formatted APFS encrypted. Moved my library to the T5 after experiencing the same issue on a Toshiba portable spinner (HFS+). I can download 1080p versions to the Mini if I uncheck 'Download Multichannel Audio' and 'Download HDR when available' in TV > Preferences > Playback.

It will download them to my iPad Pro; but there is no way to move them to the Mini for backup.

To download 4K, it seems you need an iOS device or a Catalina (possibly Mojave) Mac that can 'display' them as shipped (internal SSD/built-in display). Obviously, internal SSDs and iPads/iPhones aren't going to hold much more than a few travel days worth of video without sacrificing all available storage. (My movie/music libraries currently top out at a bit over 1 TB, 95% going to movies downloaded at 1080p.)

It seems Apple is saying you can download a handful of purchased videos for offline viewing but trust us to keep the rest of them safe in the cloud. Need more space? $$! ... Or how to turn your purchases into (space) rentals.

Forbes opinion:

I also did a bit of searching for 4K download sites. There don't seem to be any that don't tie you into hardware or software. Looks like Amazon/Apple/Google/Microsoft/Sony learned their lesson with respect to music downloads.
 


KJM

It appears to claim that a Catalina-compatible version of Finale v26 is in the works and will be out in November.
Finale 26 had been released about a year ago. I am not quite sure it is fully compatible with Catalina, but at least it is 64-bit and runs.
 


TV app will not download 4K movies to this setup
Way back, I bought the "giant!" 40GB Apple TV 1, my reason being the concept of having content ready to play without the, then, notably slower and glitchy DSL.

Later, I read that Apple caused movies it had sold not to play by pulling DRM, apparently when Apple's license from studios expired. While none of the content I had purchased was killed, I stopped paying to buy movies. Why fill storage with movies that may not work when you want to play them?

Here's a humorous treatment of the issue:
TechDirt said:
You Don't Own What You've Bought: Apple Disappears Purchased Movies
  • Me: Hey Apple, three movies I bought disappeared from my iTunes library.
  • Apple: Oh yes, those are not available anymore. Thank you for buying them. Here are two movie rentals on us!
 


Ric Ford

MacInTouch
More Catalina fun...
The Document Foundation said:
LibreOffice and macOS Catalina
Apple has released macOS 10.15 Catalina on October 7, 2019. Mac apps, installer packages and kernel extensions that are signed with a Developer ID must be notarized by Apple to run on macOS Catalina. Although we have duly followed the instructions, when users launch LibreOffice 6.3.x – which has been notarized by Apple – the system shows the following scary message: LibreOffice.app cannot be opened because the developer cannot be verified, and provides only two options: Move to Bin (delete) and Cancel (revert the operation, i.e. do not run LibreOffice). Of course, this represents a problem for all Mac users who rely on LibreOffice for their office documents after they have upgraded to macOS Catalina.

To solve the issue and bypass the block, the user has to right-click with the mouse (or press Control on the keyboard while clicking with the mouse) on the LibreOffice icon and select Open. The system will show a less scary message: macOS cannot verify the developer of LibreOffice.app. Are you sure you want to open it?, and will eventually provide the Open option to launch LibreOffice.

There is also another solution, which does not bypass Gatekeeper forcing macOS Catalina to open LibreOffice as the solution just described (which is perfectly safe, in any case).
 


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